Article 3216

Title of the article



Salomatin Aleksey Yur'evich, Doctor of juridical sciences, doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of state and law theory and political science, director of the Center of Comparative Legal Policy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),
Nakvakina Ekaterina Vladimirovna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of state and law theory and political science, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

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Background. The theory and history of law in addition with the history of politi-cal and legal doctrines is the core of law sciences. And these disciplines must be ap-plied to studying federalism. Law scientists have accumulated much material about federalism, but it generally touches only the constitutional law. We need to consider it in historical dynamics first of all.
Materials and methods. The comparative approach is the most fruitful one. It must be added with the historical state studying method. We mean that different factors – geopolitical, military, economic, social, cultural, ethnic, ideological ones, are necessary to take into account considering the emergence and development of federalism.
Results. We agree with A. D. Gulyakov that classification of federalism is the most optimal when performed from different angles. The nature of it’s genesis is very important, but historical and regional types also should be taken into account. Models of federalism give many peculiarities of state development of concrete countries. The Federalism and Legal Unification Project launched by D. Halberstam and M. Reimann is of a great interest as it classifies 20 federative communities from the point of view of legal centralization.
Conclusions. Russian and foreign federalism studies prove that a more complex view based upon the theory and history of state and law is necessary. Probably, it would have been reasonable to use some kind of broad expertise involving multi-disciplinary experts from the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Key words

federalism, theory and history of state and law, comparative federa¬lism, state studying approach, genesis of federalism, historical and reginal types of federalism, models of federalism.

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Дата создания: 17.11.2016 08:55
Дата обновления: 17.11.2016 09:30